By Barr KL.
Teratogenic viruses have increased public health importance with the emergence of Zika virus and a recent decline in rubella virus vaccination. Of the seven viruses known to cause birth defects in humans, three are mosquito-borne pathogens. Ethical oversight, compliance, rising costs, and the need for specialized training slow the pace of study of these human pathogens compared to study of similar teratogenic viruses in plants. Plant viruses have served as models for human viruses which can be applied to animal systems. This review describes the similar features of plant and animal teratogenic arboviruses and the common systems and barriers that are encountered during vertical transmission in the host.
Published in: Curr Opin Virol. 2017;27:42-47.